Here below users can find enlisted the main instruments developed by international organisations concerning business-related HR violations and eventual redressing mechanisms:


The UN Global Compact (2000)voluntary “policy initiative for businesses that are committed to align with universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour and environment.” Is NOT legally binding


UN Global Compact and PRI Guidance on Responsible Business in Conflict-Affected and High Risk Areas: published by the UN Global Compact, it contains practical guidelines at conflict-scenario level in 4 core areas: business activities, relations with government, stakeholders engagement and strategic social investments. Again, it does not foresees any enforcement action nor grievance addressing mechanism


UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (best known as Ruggie Principles): a voluntary worldwide and cross-sectorial UN overarching framework, addressing three key issues: 1) the state duty to protect human rights, 2) the corporate responsibility to protect human rights and 3) the right to remedy for victims of human rights violations


OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: a set of comprehensive and geographically universal standards concerning human rights, environment, competition, taxation and employment relations signed by member states. They do not offer verification and monitoring mechanisms but National Contact Points have been set up to serve as mediators to deal with grievances and remedy rights


OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict Affected and High Risk Areas: a government sponsored multi-stakeholder initiative designed to provide a framework of measures and practices to mitigate risks and avoid exacerbating the resource curse in mineral resources rich countries. Again, monitoring and implementation of such guidelines are left to the goodwill of companies, but National Contact Points allow victims of violation to file complaints against responsible companies


ISO 26000 Social Responsibility: a set of voluntary principles and standards developed by the International Organisation for Standardisation suggesting measures for companies to ensure effective social responsibility practices addressing human rights, labour and environmental concerns in their structure.





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